How to Cite Using APA Style (6th ed.)

How to Cite Using APA Style (6th ed.)

Hi, everyone! I’m Amanda Howell. I’m the Business
Librarian here at UW-Whitewater, and today I’m going to talk to you about citing using
APA style. We’re going to focus on citing books, citing articles, and citing websites,
3 sources you’re most likely to use for your research during your time at UW-Whitewater.
It’s important that you give credit to others for the work that they’ve done so that you
can avoid plagiarism. Not doing so, intentionally or not, is misrepresenting your own work and
may result in serious academic and legal ramifications. When citing a book you need to find the following
information: the name of the author, the date of publication, the title of the book, the
publisher, and the publishing city. One thing to note is the capitalization on the title
of the book. You’re only going to capitalize the first word of the title and the first
word of the subtitle, as well as any proper nouns. Most of this information can be found
on the title page. Let’s take a look at the title page of a book
by Scott Goodson. The book is called Uprising: How to Build a Brand – and Change the World
– by Sparking Cultural Movements. Just under that is the name of the author; sometimes
you’ll have more than one. And then at the bottom of the page you’ll usually find the
publisher, in this case McGraw Hill. We then see a lot of different publishing cities.
Generally if you see more than one, you’re just going to take the first one. The only
element we’re not finding on this page is the date of publication. So what we can do
is go to the Copyright page and see that it was published in 2012. Now that we found all the information we need
we can create our citation. Note that when using APA style you only include the author’s
initials after you’ve typed out their last name. Also, make note of the fact that I only
capitalized the first word of the title and the first word of the subtitle. Citing articles is similar to citing books
except you need a little bit more information. In addition to the author and the date of
publication you have to get the article title, the journal title, the volume and issue number,
if applicable, the page range of the article, and either the digital object identifier,
known as the DOI, or the journal’s homepage. This is not the same as the URL where you
found the article. It is actually the website for the journal that published the article.
Note that the article title is exactly like the book title where we only capitalized the
first word of the title and the first word of the subtitle. However the entire journal
title is capitalized. Let’s take a look at an example of an article.
We can see that for this particular article the journal title is actually listed in two
places: once at the very top of the page as well as once just below that. At the very
top of the page we also see the volume, the date of publication, as well as the page range
of the article. Underneath the second instance of the journal title we have the article title,
and underneath that we have the names of both the authors. The last thing you’ll want to look for is
the DOI, which will be at either the top or the bottom of the title page. This is preferred
to the journal’s homepage so you’ll want to make note of this if it exists. I was able
to find mine at the bottom of the page. Now that we’ve gathered all of this information,
we can create our citation. You’ll notice that there is an ampersand between my two
authors. You’ll want to use that rather than typing out the word “and” if you have multiple
authors for a specific article or book. You’ll also notice that I didn’t have an issue number
for this particular article so I just skipped over that particular portion. The last citation example we’re going to look
at is for a website. This is probably the hardest type of citation to create because
a lot of the information can be hard to find, if it exists at all. It’s important to keep
in mind that if you can’t find this information it’s hard to validate that you are in fact
using a reliable source. What you want to look for is the name of the author or authors,
the date that the information on the page was published, the title of the page you were
actually on (unless you’re citing the entire website), and finally the link for the page. If we take a look at this example, we can
see that the title of the page is near the top. It is Who We Are. Usually the author
and the date of publication would be found just below the name of the page. We don’t
see either of those under the title of this page. In this case, however, we do have a
corporate author. It’s going to be the Direct Marketing Association. When you’re looking
at a website for an association or a government entity, like the United States Census Bureau,
that’s going to be your author unless you can find the name of an individual. As I mentioned
earlier, there is no date of publication for this particular page so we’ll have to make
a modification when we actually create our citation. Now we can create our citation. If you have
a corporate author, you’ll want to capitalize every word of their name and avoid using the
short form, in this case DMA. If you don’t have an author, you’re going to put the name
of the webpage first, then the date, and then the link. You’ll notice that because I didn’t
have a date for this particular page I just put n.d. for “no date.” Once you have all of your citations you can
create your Reference list, which will go at the end of your paper. You’ll want to make
sure that your references are in alphabetical order and that they each have a hanging indent,
so that the first line of each citation is longer than the subsequent lines. Your reference
list should also be double spaced. The top of your page should say References. In addition to citing your sources at the
end of your paper, you’ll also need to cite them throughout your paper. In order to do
this you need the author name, the date, and the page number for the source you’re citing.
Notice that before the page number I just have the letter p. For the Direct Marketing
Association I added DMA in brackets so that each subsequent time I cite this source I
can just use DMA in my in-text citation. For documents without pages, you can indicate
paragraph number by using p-a-r-a period. This page contains some other useful sources
you might want to check out if you get stuck as you’re creating your citations. Please feel free to contact me if you have
any questions about citing sources using APA style.

1 thought on “How to Cite Using APA Style (6th ed.)

  1. Hi. Nice vid you have there. But I think the one about the webpage is wrong. Please double check under "Chapter/Section of a Web Document or Online Book Chapter"

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